Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Notropis: A misnomer given by Rafinesque to shriveled specimens, with the meaning of "back keel"; from Greek, noton = back (Ref. 45335); stramineus: stramineus, of straw (referring to the pale amber body color) (Ref. 10294).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate, preferred ?; 52°N - 29°N
North America: St. Lawrence-Great Lakes, Hudson Bay and Mississippi River basins from St. Lawrence River in Quebec to Saskatchewan in Canada, and south to Tennessee and Texas, USA; west to Montana, Wyoming, Colorado and New Mexico, USA; Trinity River to Rio Grande in Texas and New Mexico, USA and Mexico.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 10294); common length : 4.4 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 3 years (Ref. 12193)
Inhabits sand and gravel runs and pools of creeks and small to large rivers (Ref. 3814, 10294). Also occurs in sandy margins of lakes. Usually found in clear creeks and small rivers and rarely in upland areas (Ref. 3814). Feeds on detritus, and small benthic and drifting invertebrates dominated by midge larvae and small mayfly nymphs (Ref. 10294).
The reproductive strategy is broadcast spawning (Ref. 35784).
Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott, 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Pub. (20):183 p. (Ref. 3814)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00393 - 0.01681), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.4 ±0.20 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tmax=3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .