Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Tripterygiidae
(Triplefin blennies) > Tripterygiinae
Etymology: Helcogramma: Greek, helkos, -eos, -ous = ulcer, sore + Greek, gramma = letter, mark (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 12 m (Ref. 11441). Tropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 88983)
(total): 15 - 17;
soft rays: 19 - 21;
Vertebrae: 35 - 36. Dorsal fins III + XII-XIV + 10-12 (usually III + XIII + 10-11); anal fin I, 19-21 (usually 20); pectoral fins usually 15-17 (usually 16: 2, 7, 7). Lateral line continuous, tubed scales 21-27, ending below anterior part of third dorsal fin; total lateral scales 38-40 (37-41, from Clark). Nape, belly, and bases of first dorsal and anal fins scaleless; caudal fin with 1 or 2 rows of scales at base. Pelvic-fin rays bound together by membrane for half the length of shorter ray, longer ray reaches vent. First dorsal fin, triangular, originates over posterior margin of preopercle, in males first spine about as long as longest spine of second dorsal fin, but shorter in females; first two spines close to each other. Mouth large; maxilla reaches vertical through posterior border of pupil; orbital cirrus very small; dentary pores 3 + 1 + 3; head length 3.0-3.5 in SL (Ref. 88983).
Western Indian Ocean: Arabian Peninsula, northern Red Sea to the Persian Gulf.
Found usually solitary on corals and rocks in lagoons and bays from 0.5-12 m or deeper (Ref. 88983).
Randall, J.E., 1995. Coastal fishes of Oman. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 439 p.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00513 (0.00228 - 0.01156), b=3.09 (2.89 - 3.29), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .