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Apogon imberbis  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Cardinal fish
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Apogon imberbis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Apogon imberbis (Cardinal fish)
Apogon imberbis
Picture by Patzner, R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Apogonidae (Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
Etymology: Apogon: Greek, a = without + Greek pogon = chin, beard (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 10 - 200 m (Ref. 4738).   Subtropical; 45°N - 5°S, 32°W - 36°E

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - 5.5 cm
Max length : 15.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4738)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 7; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-10; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 8 - 9. Eye very large, much greater than snout. Pectoral fin long, reaching at least origin of anal fin. Preopercular edge only slightly serrated, preopercular ridge smooth. Body and fins red or pink, back and upper surface of head dusky. Two or three dark spots, sometimes joined, along base of caudal fin.

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | SELECT scientificname FROM scientificname WHERE scientificname = Apogon imberbis LIMIT 1Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea: Portugal to Morocco and the Azores. Elsewhere, southward to Gulf of Guinea.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occasionally forms schools; sometimes solitary. Inhabits muddy or rocky bottoms and caves. Feeds on small invertebrates and fishes (Ref. 4738). Oral brooding by males (Ref. 4738).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Males incubate eggs in buccal cavity (Ref. 205, 4738, 74407). Embryos do not feed externally in the buccal cavity. Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205). Internal fertilization and paternal care by mouthbrooding is found to be a rare combination of reproductive strategy (Ref. 74407). Also Ref. 240.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Tortonese, E., 1986. Apogonidae. p. 803-809. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. vol. 2. (Ref. 4738)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Bait:
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | DORIS | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | Public aquariums | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00575 - 0.01908), b=3.10 (2.94 - 3.26), based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.56 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.90; tmax=5).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .