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Engraulis eurystole  (Swain & Meek, 1884)

Silver anchovy
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| Native range | All suitable habitat | PointMap | Year 2100 |
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Engraulis eurystole   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Engraulis eurystole (Silver anchovy)
Engraulis eurystole
Picture by Canadian Museum of Nature, Ottawa, Canada

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Engraulidae (Anchovies) > Engraulinae
Etymology: Engraulis: Greek, eggraulis, -eos = anchovy (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range 124 - 282 m (Ref. 5951).   Tropical; 45°N - 0°, 91°W - 46°W (Ref. 189)

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 37032); common length : 8.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-16; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 13 - 18. Hardly differs from European anchovy (see E. encrasicolus) and can be identified from that description. Differs from Atlantic species of Anchoviella by its much longer pseudobranch (more than eye diameter and reaching onto inner face of operculum); differs from Atlantic species of Anchoa in its short and blunt-tipped maxilla (cf. pointed and reaching onto pre-operculum or beyond) (Ref. 189).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Massachusetts south to Florida and the northeastern Gulf of Mexico - at least to about Mississippi sound, but not recorded elsewhere; Venezuelan coast to northern Brazil at 2°19'N.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Common in shallow sheltered waters like harbors, etc., forming compact schools. Spawning peak is in July or August. Eggs are ellipsoidal (Ref. 189).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana, 1988. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5020   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00427 (0.00206 - 0.00882), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.9   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.