Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; 11°S - 25°S
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7248)
Africa: divided distribution: tributaries of the Steelpoort-Limpopo in southern Africa, and headwaters of the upper Zambezi, Kafue, and upper Congo River systems in Zambia and Democratic Republic of the Congo (Ref. 7248, 52193), including the Lufira, Lualaba-Upemba and Luapula-Mweru (Ref. 2970).
Skelton, P.H., 1993. A complete guide to the freshwater fishes of southern Africa. Southern Book Publishers. 388 p.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00918 (-0.15001 - 0.16837), b=3.08 (2.99 - 3.16), based on LWR estimates for this family-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .