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Haemulon album  Cuvier, 1830

White margate
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| Native range | All suitable habitat | PointMap | Year 2050 |
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Haemulon album   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Haemulon album (White margate)
Haemulon album
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Haemulidae (Grunts) > Haemulinae
Etymology: Haemulon: Greek, haimaleos = bloody (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Cuvier.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 20 - 60 m (Ref. 5217).   Tropical; 33°N - 33°S, 99°W - 30°W

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 30.5, range 30 - ? cm
Max length : 79.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40637); common length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217); max. published weight: 7.1 kg (Ref. 40637)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-17; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 7 - 8. Scale rows immediately below lateral line oblique (Ref. 26938). Usual color phase dull silvery, the fins largely gray; no black pigment below upper margin of preopercle; the dorsal and caudal fins of subadults and the back above a line from dorsal base to lower margin of caudal fin are often blackish (Ref. 13442).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Florida Keys (USA), Bermuda, and Bahamas to Brazil. Found throughout the West Indies; absent in Colombia (Ref. 3798).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits seagrass beds, sand flats, coral reefs, and wrecks (Ref. 9710). Found in pairs or larger schools (Ref. 3798). Feeds on benthic invertebrates (Ref. 3798). Has been observed to nose into the sand to eat such subsurface invertebrates as peanut worms and heart urchins (Ref. 13442). Marketed fresh (Ref. 3798).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Cervigón, F., 1993. Los peces marinos de Venezuela. Volume 2. Fundación Científica Los Roques, Caracas,Venezuela. 497 p.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30303)




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: public aquariums
FAO(fisheries: production; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01780 (0.01149 - 0.02758), b=3.01 (2.88 - 3.14), based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.19-0.20; tm=3.5; Fec=800,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (45 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Medium.