Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Siluridae
Etymology: Silurus: Greek, silouros = a cat fish + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335). More on author: Garman.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal. Temperate; 40°N - 39°N, 19°E - 24°E
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 46.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 556); common length : 22.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9417); max. reported age: 10 years (Ref. 58504)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Distinguished from Silurus glanis by the following unique characters: one pair of mental barbels; and anal fin with 66-75½ rays (Ref. 59043).
Europe: Acheloos drainage in Greece. Introduced in Lakes Pamvotis and Volvi.
Inhabits lowland rivers and nutrient-rich lakes. Feeds at night mainly on fish. Also preys on crustaceans, gastropods, insects, amphibians and aquatic snakes. Spawns in pairs. Attains first sexual maturity at 2-3 years of age (Ref. 59043).
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol, Switzerland. 646 p.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00468 (0.00212 - 0.01030), b=3.06 (2.86 - 3.26), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tmax=10; K=0.099-0.100;).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (65 of 100) .