Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Clupeidae
(Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Dorosomatinae
Etymology: Sardinella: Latin and Greek, sarda = sardine; name related to the island of Sardinia; diminutive (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; pelagic-neritic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 5 - ? m (Ref. 12166). Subtropical; 38°N - 22°N, 117°E - 134°E (Ref. 54873)
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56557); common length : 10.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 188)
spines: 0. Total scutes 29 to 32. Vertical striae on scales overlapping or continuous (discontinuous in S. fimbriata and S. albella), only a few small perforations on hind part of scale. No dark spot at dorsal fin origin. Most closely resembles S. richardsoni, which has more gill rakers and has a slightly deeper body; S. hualiensis has black tips to dorsal and caudal fins.
Western Pacific: southern coasts of Japan south to about Taiwan.
Found near shore, including semi-enclosed sea areas, on sandy mud bottom (Ref. 11230). Forms schools in coastal waters. Used in Chinese medicine (Ref. 12166).
Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeioidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: highly commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00433 - 0.01835), b=3.06 (2.89 - 3.23), based on LWR estimates for this Genus-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.24 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tm=1).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .