Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Batrachoidiformes
(Toadfishes) > Batrachoididae
(Toadfishes) > Batrachoidinae
Etymology: Sanopus: Greek, sanoo, saino = to shake the tail + Greek, pous = foot (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 8 - 25 m (Ref. 26938), usually 10 - 15 m. Tropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 24.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26938)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Pelvic fin all yellow; dorsal, caudal, anal and pectoral fins have yellow margins (Ref. 26938).
Western Atlantic: known only from Cozumel Island in Mexico. Status of threat from Ref. 11858.
Occurs mostly in or near rocky caves from 10-15 m depth. Feeds on small fishes, snails and polychaete worms (Ref. 26938).
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), based on all LWR estimates for this BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.57 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .