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Protochondrostoma genei  (Bonaparte, 1839)

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Protochondrostoma genei
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Protochondrostoma: Name comes from the basal position of this genus in the group of genera that formerly comprised Chondrostoma..

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Temperate; 48°N - 42°N, 4°E - 15°E

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 556); common length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 556)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

The only species in genus which differs from species of Chondrostoma in Apennine Peninsula by having broad dark midlateral stripe from head to caudal base, arched mouth, lower lip with thin but well developed cornified sheath, 50-62 scales along lateral line; 8½ branched dorsal rays, 14-19 gill rakers, slender body, depth 20-27% SL, and pectoral, pelvic, anal and caudal fins at least with red basis (Ref. 59043).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Europe: Adriatic basin, from Soca to Vomano drainages in Italy and Slovenia. Introduced to Tuscany and Latium in Centa, Magra, Arno, Ombrone and Tevere basins.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in middle reaches of rivers and main tributaries, in piedmont, with moderate to swift current, over gravel bottom. Occurs in groups. Omnivorous, feeding mainly on aquatic insects and epilithic algae. Undertakes small spawning migration in large groups towards main tributaries. Spawns in swift current on gravel (Ref. 59043). Reported to spawn in March-May (Ref. 26100) and in May-June (Ref. 59043). Threatened due to the introduction of other species and habitat destruction (Ref. 26100).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol, Switzerland. 646 p.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00776 (0.00372 - 0.01620), b=3.15 (2.98 - 3.32), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.7   ±0.28 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.