Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Pinguipedidae
Etymology: Parapercis: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, perke = perch (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; depth range 52 - 150 m (Ref. 9072). Temperate; 34°S - 52°S, 163°E - 175°W
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 10 - 19 cm
Max length : 45.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3243); common length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9258); max. published weight: 2.5 kg (Ref. 3243); max. reported age: 17 years (Ref. 9072)
Southwest Pacific: restricted to New Zealand.
Inhabits rocky areas to a depth of 150 m (Ref. 9258). Carnivore which feeds mainly on small fish and crabs. Feeds by stalking its prey and swallowing it whole. Adults are home-ranging (Ref. 26966). Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 58489.
Paulin, C., A. Stewart, C. Roberts and P. McMillan, 1989. New Zealand fish: a complete guide. National Museum of New Zealand Miscellaneous Series No. 19. 279 p.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00724 (0.00420 - 0.01251), b=3.08 (2.92 - 3.24), based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.7 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.66; tm=2; tmax=17).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .