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Lipogenys gillii  Goode & Bean, 1895

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| Native range | All suitable habitat | PointMap | Year 2100 |
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Lipogenys gillii   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Lipogenys gillii
Lipogenys gillii
Picture by Canadian Museum of Nature, Ottawa, Canada

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Notacanthiformes (Halosaurs and deep-sea spiny eels) > Notacanthidae (Deep-sea spiny eels)
Etymology: Lipogenys: Greek, lipos = fat + Greek, geny, -yos = face, jaw (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Goode, Bean.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 400 - 2000 m (Ref. 50674).   Deep-water; 3°C - 5°C (Ref. 50674); 50°N - 35°N, 76°W - 48°W

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 11041)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 6 - 8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 4-5; Anal spines: 44-58; Anal soft rays: 67 - 88; Vertebrae: 228 - 234. Tail slender and tapering to a point. Mouth inferior, small and sucker-like; upper lip with thick, pleated folds; posterior end of maxilla bent sharply downward, forming a flap-like structure; fleshy papillae on snout bordering upper lip. Teeth absent. Dorsal fin short-based, located above anus, the first 4-6 rays hard and spinous, increasing in length from front to back, the remainder soft and segmented, membrane connecting all rays except for first I-III spines. Anal fin long, extending from just behind anus to tip of tail, anterior rays spinous, posterior rays segmented, the transition gradual. Caudal fin absent (Ref. 11041). Light brown, lining of gill chamber and rim of opercular branchiostegal flap dark brown, mouth and lining of buccal cavity light yellowish tan (Ref. 37108).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Northwest Atlantic: Nova Scotia and Hudson Canyon (Ref. 37108). Southwest Pacific: Australia (Ref. 75154).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Feed mostly on organic material contained in bottom sediment drawn up by the sucker-like mouth [RF doubts this is a detritus feeder; the elaborate mouth without teeth looks like a specialization for extracting soft-bodied benthic invertebrates out of the ground; also, there are no gill rakers to filter detritus (Ref. 50674)]. No obvious sexual dimorphism; a female of 37.5 cm SL was still immature (Ref. 50674).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Smith, D.G., 1997. Lipogenyidae. Spiny sucker eels. p. 1629. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the WCP. Vol. 3. Batoid fishes, chimaeras and bony fishes part 1 (Elopidae to Linophrynidae). FAO, Rome.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), based on all LWR estimates for this BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.37 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming tm >=5).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (43 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.