Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Labeo: Latin, labeo = one who has large lips (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 5 - ? m (Ref. 4832). Tropical; 32°N - 21°S
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 58.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 200 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9987); max. published weight: 45.0 kg (Ref. 9987); max. reported age: 10 years (Ref. 56)
Dorsal fin with 12-14 1/2 branched rays; lower profile of head conspicuously arched; short dorsal fin with anterior branched rays shorter than head; 12-16 predorsal scales ; snout without lateral lobe (Ref. 43281).
Asia: Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Nepal.
Adults inhabit rivers (Ref. 4832). Are diurnal species and usually solitary. They burrow occasionally. Feed on plants. Spawning season generally coincides with the southwest monsoon. Spawning occurs in flooded rivers. Fecundity varies from 226,000 to 2,794,000 depending upon the length and weight of the fish and weight of the ovary. Widely introduced outside its native range for stocking reservoirs and aquaculture. Utilized fresh (Ref. 9987).
Khan, H.A. and V.G. Jhingran, 1975. Synopsis of biological data on rohu Labeo rohita (Hamilton, 1822). FAO Fish. Synop. (111):100 p.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: highly commercial; aquaculture: commercial; gamefish: yes
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00851 (0.00476 - 0.01523), b=2.97 (2.82 - 3.12), based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=3; tmax=10).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (49 of 100) .