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Halichoeres zulu  Randall & King, 2010

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Halichoeres zulu
Picture by King, D.R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Halichoeres: Greek, als, alis = salt + Greek, choiros = pig (Ref. 45335);  zulu: Named for the indigenous people of the Province of Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa..   More on author: Randall.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 2 m (Ref. 83900).   Subtropical

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 83900); 7.9 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 11. This species is characterized by the following: D IX,11; A III,11; pectoral rays 14 (rarely 13); 26 lateral line scales; naked head with no small scales on opercle or behind eye; narrow median dorsal zone of nape naked; 7 prepelvic scales, anterior third of chest naked; 3-5 tubule branches on lateral line scales; 11-15 suborbital pores; 19-21 gill rakers; body depth 2.95-3.6 in SL; caudal fin slightly rounded, 1.4-1.45 in HL; preserved color of female pale tan, the scales on upper two-thirds of body, posterior to pectoral fins, with brown centers, those below soft portion of dorsal fin and in lowermost row dark brown; 3 broad dusky bars on chest and abdomen, fading ventrally; opercular flap at upper end of gill opening with a black spot shaped like an inverted comma; usually present behind upper part of orbit is a dark brown spot of near-pupil size; snout with an oblique dusky band; across cheek and opercle is an elongated, dark-edged, horseshoe-shaped band; oblique brown bands on dorsal fin with a small black spot on first membrane and an ocellated black spot between second and fourth dorsal soft rays; small dark spots on caudal fin rays; similar basic color pattern in male, but most markings are darker; no black spot anteriorly on dorsal fin and no oblique bands in spinous portion; base of anal fin with a wavy dark band and a pale spot at base of each membrane. In life, females are mainly pink or lavender-pink, with narrow pale green bands, a bright red stripe on nape, extending below base of spinous portion of dorsal fin, a row of small dark brown spots on side of body above anal fin; males with deep pink and bright green bands on head, with alternating wavy stripes of bright green and purplish red on body (Ref. 83900).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Indian Ocean: South Africa.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

A rare species with paucity of specimens, this is partly due to its misidentification as Halichoeres nebulosus, its usual shallow-water habitat off exposed rocky shores where it is difficult to collect and its being very elusive. Found on rocky bottom or sand with scattered patches of reef at depths of 0.5-1.5 meters. A male individual was photographed from a pool (about 5 m long, 2 m wide and 1.2 m deep) almost close to the sea at low tide (Ref. 83900).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Westneat, Mark | Collaborators

Randall, J.E. and D.R. King, 2010. Halichoeres zulu, a new labrid fish from South Africa. Smithiana Bull. 11:17-23.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00473 - 0.02115), b=3.11 (2.94 - 3.28), based on LWR estimates for this Genus-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  0.0   ±0.0 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .