Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Percidae
(Perches) > Etheostomatinae
Etymology: Etheostoma: Greek, etheo = to strain + Greek, stoma = mouth; Rafinesque said "various mouths", but Jordan and Evermann suggest the name might have been intended as "Heterostoma (Ref. 45335); chlorosomum: From the words chloro, meaning green; and somum, body (Ref. 10294). From the Greek etheo=to strain, and stoma=mouth; chlorosoma (Greek)=greenish-yellow (Ref. 79012).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical; 44°N - 29°N
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723)
North America: Mississippi River basin from southern Minnesota to Louisiana, USA and Gulf Slope from Mobile Bay drainage in Alabama to San Antonio River drainages in Texas in the USA. Formerly in Lake Michigan drainage in Illinois, USA.
Inhabit muddy (sometimes sandy) pools and backwaters of creeks and small to medium rivers, weedy lakes and ponds, swamps (Ref. 5723) and streams (Ref. 10294). Adults feed on hydropsychid caddisfly, dytiscid beetle, and midge larvae (Ref. 10294). Eggs are found attached to the substrate unguarded (Ref. 7043).
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), based on all LWR estimates for this BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .