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Bagarius bagarius  (Hamilton, 1822)

Goonch
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Bagarius bagarius
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Sisoridae (Sisorid catfishes) > Sisorinae
Etymology: Bagarius: From the local name Vaghari, in Calcuta (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.5 - 7.8; dH range: 12 - 30; potamodromous (Ref. 51243).   Tropical; 18°C - 25°C (Ref. 2060)

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 200 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26563)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 1; Dorsal soft rays (total): 6; Anal soft rays: 13 - 14; Vertebrae: 38 - 42. Pelvic-fin origin in front of the base of the last dorsal ray; adipose-fin origin behind the anal-fin origin (Ref. 27732). Elongate neural spines 4-8, distally expanded abdominal vertebrae 17-20 (Ref. 35669). Absence of sharp ridge on top of head; absence of bumps on dorsal mid-line behind dorsal fin base (Ref. 43281). Mouth large, inferior and arciform (Ref. 45563).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Ganges, Mekong and Chao Phraya basins (Ref. 27732). Reported from Salween, Maeklong and Peninsular Thailand (Ref. 26336).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit rapid and rocky pools of large and medium-sized rivers (Ref. 12693). Feed on insects (Ref. 4833), small fishes, frogs and shrimps (Ref. 1479). Breed in rivers prior to the beginning of the annual flood season. Marketed fresh. Important as a food fish, but the meat spoils rapidly and can cause illness (Ref. 12693). Reported length of 200 cm (Ref. 4537) is incorrect (Maurice Kottelat, pers. comm. with hint to Roberts 1982 (not seen).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Talwar, P.K. and A.G. Jhingran, 1991. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. Volume 2. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), based on all LWR estimates for this BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.59 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (89 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.