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Ammolabrus dicrus  Randall & Carlson, 1997

Sand wrasse
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Image of Ammolabrus dicrus (Sand wrasse)
Ammolabrus dicrus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses) > Xyrichtyinae
Etymology: Ammolabrus: Greek, ammos = sand + see Labrus;  dicrus: From the Greek dikros, forked, in reference to the forked caudal fin..   More on author: Randall.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 7 - 18 m (Ref. 26794).   Tropical

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26794)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 12; Vertebrae: 25. Flexible anal fin spines; 19 or 20 + 5 or 6 pored lateral line scales with single horizontal tubule, ending in a pore; scales thin and rhomboidal, those of thorax and anterior abdomen smaller than those of side of body; head naked except for 2 small scales dorsally on opercle and diagonal row of 5 partially embedded scales behind eye; no median predorsal scales; 3 small median prepelvic scales; anterior third of prepelvic region naked; branchiostegal rays 6; upper jaw strongly protrusible, median process of premaxilla extending to above anterior pupil edge; body moderately elongate, the depth 4.2-4.45 in SL; dorsal part of head from front of snout to origin of dorsal fin with a fleshy median ridge, the interorbital space high and triangular when viewed from the front; interorbital space narrowest anteriorly; caudal fin small, 1.45-1.65 in head length; pelvic fins small, 2.2-3.05 in head length (Ref. 26794).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Central Pacific: known only from O'ahu, Hawaiian Islands.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults are found over open sand bottom, in small, swift-swimming schools (Ref. 26794). Feed on zooplankton above the substratum (Ref. 26794, 58466). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Westneat, Mark | Collaborators

Parenti, P. and J.E. Randall, 2000. An annotated checklist of the species of the labroid fish families Labridae and Scaridae. Ichthyol. Bull. J.L.B. Smith Inst. Ichthyol. (68):1-97.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), based on all LWR estimates for this BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.