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Sorubim lima  (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)

Duckbill catfish
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Sorubim lima
Picture by Galvis, G./Mojica, J.I./Camargo, M.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Pimelodidae (Long-whiskered catfishes)
Etymology: Sorubim: Brazilian local name, sorubim (Ref. 45335);  lima: Name from Latin 'lima' meaning file, referring to the ventrally exposed premaxillary tooth patch (Ref. 57983).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 6.5 - 7.8; dH range: ? - 20.   Tropical; 23°C - 30°C (Ref. 1672); 8°N - 11°S

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 23.2  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 54.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 79585); max. published weight: 1.3 kg (Ref. 40637)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 2; Dorsal soft rays (total): 6; Anal soft rays: 19 - 22. Distinguished from S. elongatus by having modally 9 pectoral rays; 21 anal-fin rays; 16 gill rakers; large vomerine tooth patches, almost always fused; a more robust, deeper head and body; body somewhat compressed laterally; mental barbels equal or anterior to gular apex. Differs from S. cuspicaudus in having rounded caudal fin lobes and more robust body; from S. trigonocephalus by premaxillary tooth patch length being 1.5 to 2.5 times its width; trenchantly differs from S. maniradii in having only 13-18 gill rakers. Additionally, other distinguishing characters include, pelvic fins that contact or nearly reach anal fin origin when depressed and presence of thin plates or ossicles (highly variable in shape) extending vertically on anterior lateral line in most large adults (Ref. 57983).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Amazon, Orinoco, Paraná and Parnaíba River basins. Syntopic with S. elongatus in the Orinoco basin and with S. elongatus and S. maniradii in the upper Amazon drainage of Brazil, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia (Ref. 57983).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in schools. Is mainly nocturnal. Feeds primarily on fishes and crustaceans (Ref. 9084).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Lundberg, J.G. and M.W. Littmann, 2003. Pimelodidae (Long-whiskered catfishes). p. 432-446. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 36506)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial
FAO(Aquaculture: production; ; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00380 (0.00147 - 0.00985), b=3.12 (2.89 - 3.35), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.1   ±0.71 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.27).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.