Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Ophichthidae
(Snake eels) > Myrophinae
Etymology: Skythrenchelys: Name from Greek 'skythros' for angry or sullen and 'enchelys' for an eel, referring to the facial expression of the included species. Treated as feminine according to Opinion 95 of the Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, 1970.; zabra: Named in reference to its ability to ingest very large prey.. More on author: McCosker.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range 1 - 180 m (Ref. 40863). Tropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 29.6 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40863)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 127 - 165;
Vertebrae: 112 - 122. Tail 43-46% of TL; dorsal fin arising in mid-trunk; supraorbital pores 1+ 4, infraorbital pores 4 + 1, preoperculomandibular pores 6 + 2 or 3, supratemporal pores 2; uniform tan in color. Remarks: pectorals scarcely visible; caudal fin short.
Indo-West Pacific: India, Straits of Malacca, Philippines, Indonesia, and northern Australia.
Most specimens collected from a shallow turbid estuary.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Castle, P.H.J. and J.E. McCosker, 1999. A new genus and two new species of myrophine worm-eels, with comments on Muraenichthys and Scolecenchelys (Anguilliformes: Ophicthidae). Rec. Aust. Mus. 51(2-3):113-122. (Ref. 40863)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00076 (0.00029 - 0.00197), b=3.06 (2.83 - 3.29), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .