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Simenchelys parasitica  Gill, 1879

Snubnosed eel
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Simenchelys parasitica   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Simenchelys parasitica (Snubnosed eel)
Simenchelys parasitica
Picture by Armesto, A.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes (Eels and morays) > Synaphobranchidae (Cutthroat eels) > Simenchelyinae
Etymology: Simenchelys: Greek, simo = flattening + Greek, enchelys, -yos = eel (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 136 - 2620 m (Ref. 5235), usually 500 - 1800 m (Ref. 58302).   Deep-water; 4°C - 9°C (Ref. 26895); 44°N - 42°S

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 45 - ? cm
Max length : 61.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 559)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Grey to greyish brown in color, darker on fin edges and along lateral line (Ref. 3973). Body with scales in grouped, right-angle basketweave pattern. Thick head, blunt, cylindrical. Small mouth, gape falling well short of the orbit; strongly plicate lips around the slit-like mouth; hyomandibula canted anteriorly. Broadly separate gill slits. Reduced cephalic lateralis system (Ref. 26895).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: France to Madeira and the Azores, one specimen near Cape Verde, also off South Africa. Western Atlantic: USA. Western Pacific: off Japan, near Wake Island, Australia (Ref. 7300) and off New Zealand.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found on the continental slope and upper abyssal depths. Feed on invertebrates (epibenthic copepods and amphipods) and fishes (Ref. 6726). Reported to be parasitic on fishes. Eggs are probably pelagic (Ref. 6726).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Sulak, K.J. and Y.N. Shcherbachev, 1997. Zoogeography and systematics of six deep-living genera of synaphobranchid eels, with a key to taxa and description of two new species of Ilyophis. Bull. Mar. Sci. 60(3):1158-1194. (Ref. 26895)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00102 (0.00046 - 0.00225), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.54 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming fecundity > 100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (47 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.