Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Kyphosidae
(Sea chubs) > Kyphosinae
Etymology: Sectator: Latin, sectator = follower (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; pelagic-oceanic; depth range 1 - 20 m (Ref. 89972). Subtropical; 37°N - 18°S, 138°E - 77°W
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 59.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 38398); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763); max. published weight: 2.0 kg (Ref. 38398)
Body oval elongate, and somewhat compressed (depth contained more than 2.5 times in standard length); head and mouth small; teeth highly characteristic, forming a single anterior row in each jaw, incisiform and somewhat lanceolate in shape, resembling the head of a golf club, their roots compressed and horizontally set, forming a striated plate inside the mouth, although this feature might be little evident; vomer toothed; caudal fin deeply forked; body with wide shiny blue and yellow stripes; fins yellowish (Ref. 55763).
Eastern Pacific: Baja California to Peru, but have been taken in the artificially warmed waters off the Encina Power Plant in San Diego, California, USA, far outside normal range. Northwest Pacific: Hachijôjima, Japan (Ref. 559). Central Pacific: Hawaii and the Society Islands (Ref. 559).
Swim rapidly in small, somewhat polarized groups or schools in open water over deep reefs, along walls and drop-offs (Ref. 5227). Also usually seen near floating logs far out to sea (Ref. 11482). Not common.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01230 (0.00475 - 0.03188), b=3.02 (2.79 - 3.25), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.37 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (51 of 100) .