Scorpaena porcus  Linnaeus, 1758

Black scorpionfish
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Scorpaena porcus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Scorpaena porcus (Black scorpionfish)
Scorpaena porcus
Picture by Hernández-González, C.L.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes (Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Scorpaenidae (Scorpionfishes or rockfishes) > Scorpaeninae
Etymology: Scorpaena: Latin, scorpaena = a kind of fish, 1706 (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; non-migratory; depth range ? - 800 m (Ref. 4570).   Temperate; 55°N - 25°N, 32°W - 42°E

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 14.4, range 10 - ? cm
Max length : 37.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40637); common length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3397); max. published weight: 870.00 g (Ref. 40637)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: British Isles to the Azores, and the Canary Islands, including Morocco, the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Solitary and sedentary. Common among rocks and algae. Feeds on small fishes (gobies, blennies), crustaceans and other invertebrates (Ref. 4570).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Hureau, J.-C. and N.I. Litvinenko, 1986. Scorpaenidae. p. 1211-1229. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol 3.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

Threat to humans

  Traumatogenic (Ref. 4690)




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01780 (0.01577 - 0.02010), b=3.03 (2.99 - 3.07), based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.9   ±0.7 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.16-0.17; tm=2-3; tmax=10).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (49 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Low.