Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Scombridae
(Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Scomberomorus: Latin, scomber = mackerel + Greek, moros = silly, stupid (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; brackish; pelagic-neritic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243). Tropical; 6°S - 14°S, 142°E - 148°E (Ref. 168)
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.0 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 168); max. published weight: 500.00 g (Ref. 168)
(total): 16 - 19;
soft rays: 25 - 29;
Vertebrae: 54 - 56. Interpelvic process small and bifid. Lateral line gradually curving down toward caudal peduncle. Vertebrae 20-21 precaudal plus 34-36 caudal, total 54-56. Intestine with 2 folds and 3 limbs. Swim bladder absent. Body covered with small scales. First dorsal fin black anteriorly and along distal edge posteriorly. Has the most number of vertebrae and anal fin rays in the genus. Sides silvery without spots, blotches or bars.
Western Central Pacific: endemic to the Gulf of Papua off the mouth of the Fly River.
Neritic species found in turbid waters. Sexual maturity is attained at much less than 30 cm fork length. The smallest species in the genus.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen, 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref. 168)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00364 - 0.01815), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .