Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Scaridae
(Parrotfishes) > Scarinae
Etymology: Scarus: Greek, skaros = a fish described by anciente writers as a parrot fish; 1601 (Ref. 45335); dubius: From the terminal phase (Ref. 2689). More on author: Bennett.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 20 m (Ref. 58302). Tropical, preferred ?
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3921)
Eastern Central Pacific: found only in the Hawaiian Islands. Occurrences outside Hawaii are all misidentifications.
Inhabits seaward reefs (Ref. 9710). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Grazes on benthic algae. Protogynous (Ref. 55080).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Size at sex change: 26.4 - 39.8 cm TL (Ref. 55080).
Parenti, P. and J.E. Randall, 2000. An annotated checklist of the species of the labroid fish families Labridae and Scaridae. Ichthyol. Bull. J.L.B. Smith Inst. Ichthyol. (68):1-97. (Ref. 35918)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .