Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Salmoniformes
(Salmons) > Salmonidae
(Salmonids) > Salmoninae
Etymology: Salvelinus: Old name for char; it is the same root of german "saibling" = little salmon (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic. Temperate; 61°N - 39°N
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 72.0, range 58 - 86 cm
Max length : 103 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40637); common length : 62.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. published weight: 14.5 kg (Ref. 4699)
Coastal and mountain streams of Arctic, Pacific, and Missouri River drainages from extreme southern Yukon in Canada to headwaters of Columbia River drainage in northern Nevada, USA, and McCloud River drainage in northern California, USA.
Occurs in deep pools of large cold rivers and lakes (Ref. 5723). Most common in high mountainous areas where snowfields and glaciers are present (Ref. 5723). Rarely anadromous (Ref. 5723, Ref. 51243). Lacustrine form matures in lakes and spawns in tributaries, where young reside for one to three years (Ref. 10367).
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Gamefish: yes; aquarium: public aquariums
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (66 of 100) .