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Salmo ferox  Jardine, 1835

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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Salmoniformes (Salmons) > Salmonidae (Salmonids) > Salmoninae
Etymology: Salmo: Latin, salmo, Plinius = salmon (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Temperate

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 80.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043); max. reported age: 23 years (Ref. 59043)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Distinguished from its congeners in British Isles by its unique body depth about 4.6-5.0 times in SL. Differs further by the combination of the following characters: body brown to silvery, black spots small (equal to or smaller than pupil), few or absent; large size; and maxilla reaching beyond posterior margin of eye (Ref. 59043).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Europe: British Isles in Loughs Melvin, Erne, Corrib, and Mask (Ireland), Lochs Awe, Laggan and others (Scotland), apparently also Lakes Ullswater and Bassenthwaite (Cubmria) and Llyns Padarn and Peris (Wales).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits large oligotrophic lakes. In Scotland, this species occurs usually in lakes inhabited by Salvelinus species on which it preys. Feeds on fishes and a variety of insects. In Scotland, preys on invertebrates until about 30 cm SL, then becomes piscivorous, feeding mostly on Salvelinus species. Spawns only in the larger and deeper tributaries (Ref. 59043).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol, Switzerland. 646 p. (Ref. 59043)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00871 (0.00427 - 0.01777), b=3.07 (2.90 - 3.24), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.58 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (61 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.