Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Bryconidae
() > Salmininae
Etymology: Salminus: I think it could be derived from Latin, salmo, -onis = salmon; diminutive.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 51243). Tropical
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 37.8  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36796); max. published weight: 31.4 kg (Ref. 72380); max. reported age: 9 years (Ref. 52065)
South America: Paraná, Paraguay, and Uruguay River basins; Laguna dos Patos drainage, upper Chaparé and Mamoré River basin in Bolivia. Occurrence in the remaining Amazon River highly doubtful.
Occurs in ponds (Ref. 11229). Carnivorous (Ref. 79585). Feeds on fish and crustaceans (Ref. 13614).
Pairing is distinct during copulation (Ref. 205).
Lima, F.C.T., L.R. Malabarba, P.A. Buckup, J.F. Pezzi da Silva, R.P. Vari, A. Harold, R. Benine, O.T. Oyakawa, C.S. Pavanelli, N.A. Menezes, C.A.S. Lucena, M.C.S.L. Malabarba, Z.M.S. Lucena, R.E. Reis, F. Langeani, C. Moreira et al. …, 2003. Genera Incertae Sedis in Characidae. p. 106-168. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 38376)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: commercial; gamefish: yes
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01023 (0.00395 - 0.02652), b=3.06 (2.84 - 3.28), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.61 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=2-3; rel. Fec=1,000; K=0.21-0.23; Tmax=9).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (52 of 100) .