Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 30 - 1000 m. Subtropical; 41°S - 59°S, 78°W - 55°W (Ref. 1371)
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1371)
Southeast Pacific and Southwest Atlantic: Patagonian region of Chile and Argentina, including the Falkland Islands and the Strait of Magellan.
Highest catches at 235 m. Females attain larger sizes than males. Larger individuals of both sexes move into deeper water. Utilized mainly for fishmeal; can be fried, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00447 (0.00262 - 0.00761), b=3.13 (2.97 - 3.29), based on LWR estimates for species & (Sub)Family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.4 ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tm=2-3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (59 of 100) .