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Sarmarutilus rubilio  (Bonaparte, 1837)

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Sarmarutilus rubilio
Picture by Lorenzoni, M.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Sarmarutilus: Derived from the Sarmatic Sea, or Lago Mare, an ancient central European inner freshwater sea where this monotypic genus probably has its evolutionary roots..

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 7.0 - ? ; dH range: 20 - ?.   Subtropical; 10°C - 27°C (Ref. 2059); 47°N - 38°N, 7°E - 22°E

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043); max. reported age: 6 years (Ref. 96829)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 11; Anal soft rays: 12. Formerly placed under Rutilus and cannot be treated under Rutilus and Lecos by the following diagnostic characters: pharyngeal teeth formulae, 5-5; presence of prominent tubercles at the center of each scale of the body and on the head in breeding males; lateral stripe masked by heavy pigmentation on flanks formed by well marked crescent triangular spot on scales; and shape not found in all species of Rutilus and Lecos (Ref. 96829).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Europe: Tyrrhenian slope from Magra to Bussento drainages, Adriatic slope from Chienti to Trigno drainages and Ofanto drainage in Italy. Introduced in southern Italy and Sicily; part of range on Adriatic slope and southernmost localities on Tyrrhenian slope possibly results from introductions.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits streams with moderate current, shallow, sand or gravel bottom, and limited aquatic vegetation (Ref. 59043). Prefers running waters (Ref. 96829). Occurs in groups. Feeds on small molluscs and crustaceans, insects and algae. Spawns in clear, shallow water, on gravel and aquatic vegetation on sunny days (Ref. 59043). Attains a maximum size of about 18 cm SL (Ref. 59043), but reported not to exceed 16 cm SL (Ref. 96829). Threatened due to the introduction of other species and habitat destruction. Can colonize lakes in the absence of specialized lacustrine species (Ref. 26100).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Bianco, P.G. and V. Ketmaier, 2014. A revision of the Rutilus complex from Mediterranean Europe with description of a new genus, Sarmarutilus, and a new species, Rutilus stoumboudae (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Zootaxa 3481(3):379-402. (Ref. 96829)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Gamefish: yes
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00621 - 0.01468), b=3.22 (3.10 - 3.34), based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.8   ±0.43 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tmax=9; K=0.12; tm=2).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (55 of 100) .