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Leucos basak  Heckel, 1843

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Leucos basak
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Temperate; 45°N - 40°N, 15°E - 21°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Europe: lakes and mostly still water of rivers of the Adriatic drainages, from Croatia to Montenegro and Albania.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 23.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 91127)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 11; Anal soft rays: 11. Leucos basak is distinguished from other congeners by the following characters: moderate size, usually 12.0-14.0 cm SL; lack of a mid-lateral band; body uniformly silvery in life; peritoneal membrane black; usually 36-38 pored scales on lateral line (vs. 38-43 in the other congeners). It differs from Leucos aula by the absence of lateral band and black peritoneal membrane (vs. silvery in L. aula); from L. panosi and L. ylikiensis mainly by having usually 9-10 gill rakes (vs. 18-20 in L. ylikiensis and 13-14 in L. panosi). Leucos basak is most closely related to L. albus based on molecular analyses but differs from this species by having 36-38 scales on lateral line (vs. usually 41-42 in L. albus); 9 branched dorsal rays (vs. 8 in L. albus); and blackish peritoneal membrane (vs. nearly silvery in L. albus) (Ref. 96829).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in a wide range of habitats such as warm streams and rivers with moderate to slow current, lakes, backwaters, swampy areas, and artificial water bodies (Ref. 59043). Sympatric with Leucos albus in Lake Skadar (Ref. 96829). Feeds on plankton and plant material. Spawns over gravel and stones and in flooded areas and lakes. Eggs are sticky, yellow-orange which hatch in 9 days at 13-17°C (Ref. 59043).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Bianco, P.G. and V. Ketmaier, 2014. A revision of the Rutilus complex from Mediterranean Europe with description of a new genus, Sarmarutilus, and a new species, Rutilus stoumboudae (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Zootaxa 3481(3):379-402. (Ref. 96829)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00794 (0.00492 - 0.01282), b=3.17 (3.03 - 3.31), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.2 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .