Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Barbinae
Etymology: Pethia: Pethia is the generic vernacular name for small cyprinids in Sinhala..
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.0 - 8.0; dH range: 5 - 19. Subtropical; 18°C - 22°C (Ref. 1672); 40°N - 8°N
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4832)
Asia: Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, and Bangladesh (Ref. 4832). Reported from Myanmar (Ref. 57739). Introduced worldwide and now very popular with aquarists.
Adults inhabit lakes and fast flowing hill streams (Ref. 4832, 41236). One of the hardiest of the barbs, undemanding and beautiful; most impressively colored during the mating period, when the normally silvery male takes on a rich claret flush and the slightly larger female becomes more luminous. Can be kept together with other small fishes. Feed on worms, crustaceans, insects and plant matter (Ref. 7020, 44894). Prolific spawners that tolerate low water temperatures (Ref. 44894). Aquarium keeping: in groups of 5 or more individuals; minimum aquarium size 80 cm (Ref. 51539).
Pethiyagoda, R., M. Meegaskumbura and K. Maduwage, 2012. A synopsis of the South Asian fishes referred to Puntius (Pisces: Cyprinidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 23(1):69-95.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: highly commercial
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00832 (0.00344 - 0.02015), b=3.06 (2.84 - 3.28), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.33 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tm<1).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .