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Pentaceros richardsoni  Smith, 1844

Pelagic armourhead
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Pentaceros richardsoni
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Pentacerotidae (Armorheads) > Pentacerotinae
Etymology: Pentaceros: Greek, pente = five + Greek, keras = horn (Ref. 45335);  richardsoni: Named after John Richardson, naturalist and explorer (Ref. 6885).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; pelagic-oceanic; depth range 0 - 1000 m (Ref. 75886).   Temperate; 23°S - 56°S, 68°W - 174°W

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 56.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5449)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 14 - 15; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-10; Anal spines: 4-5; Anal soft rays: 7 - 8. Head and body bluish above, pale below.

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions | Faunafri

Southeast Atlantic: Tristan de Cunha and South Africa. Western Indian Ocean: South Africa. South Pacific: southern Australia and New Zealand and Cape Horn, Chile. North Pacific records refers to pectoralis (Ref. 4537).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Have been trawled on the continental shelf and slope; juveniles recorded from surface waters (Ref. 9563). Depth range reported at 0m-600m in Ref. 5449.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Heemstra, P.C., 1986. Pentacerotidae. p. 622-623. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(fisheries: production; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5157   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.37 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tm=4).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   High.