Pseudolabrus miles  (Schneider & Forster, 1801)

Scarlet wrasse
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Pseudolabrus miles   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pseudolabrus miles (Scarlet wrasse)
Pseudolabrus miles
Picture by Denny, C.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses)
Etymology: Pseudolabrus: Greek, pseudes = false + Greek, labrax = a fish, Dicentrarchus labrax (Ref. 45335);  miles: Specific epithet 'miles' is from the Latin word soldier; referring to the scarlet body color resembling 19th century soldier's uniforms.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 4 - 40 m (Ref. 26203), usually 10 - 40 m (Ref. 26203).   Temperate

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 27.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26203); 26.9 cm SL (female)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Southwest Pacific: known only from New Zealand including the Snares Islands, Stewart Island, Clatham Islands, and the Three Kings Islands.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Feeds on small mobile animals, preferably crabs. Searches for food among encrusting organisms and algal holdfasts using the large forward-jutting canine teeth to rake its food from the substratum (Ref. 26966).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Westneat, Mark | Collaborators

Russell, B.C., 1988. Revision of the labrid fish genus Pseudolabrus and allied genera. Rec. Aust. Mus. (Suppl. 9):1-72. (Ref. 26203)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5002   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.