Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Osmeriformes
(Smelts) > Bathylagidae
Etymology: Pseudobathylagus: Greek, pseudes = false + Greek, bathys = the bottom of the sea + Greek, lagos = hare (Ref. 45335); milleri: Named after Walter Miller, professor from Stanford University (Ref. 6885).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 772 - 6600 m (Ref. 28981). Deep-water
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 21.6 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 96339)
North Pacific: Iwate Prefecture, Japan to the Bering Sea (Ref. 559) and to British Columbia, Canada and California, USA (Ref. 4925).
Occurs at a minimum depth of 550 m upon reaching about 5 cm length (Ref. 54657; 82347). Oviparous, with planktonic eggs and larvae (Ref. 35604). Generally mesopelagic and bathypelagic and not ascending to epipelagic depth range (Ref. 96339).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino, 1984. The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). (Ref. 559)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00776 (0.00430 - 0.01402), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), based on LWR estimates for species & (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .