Psettichthys melanostictus  Girard, 1854

Pacific sand sole
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Psettichthys melanostictus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Psettichthys melanostictus (Pacific sand sole)
Psettichthys melanostictus
Picture by Archipelago Marine Research Ltd.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Pleuronectidae (Righteye flounders) > Pleuronectinae
Etymology: Psettichthys: Greek, psetta = grouper + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Girard.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 1 - 325 m (Ref. 6793).   Temperate, preferred 11°C (Ref. 107945); 66°N - 34°N

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: Bering Sea coast of Alaska, near the Aleutian Islands (Ref. 27436) to Redondo Beach, southern California, USA.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 63.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 72-88; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 53 - 66; Vertebrae: 37 - 39. Dorsal origin above point in front of eye. Caudal rounded. Pectorals small.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits sandy bottoms. Feeds on fishes, worms, crustaceans and mollusks (Ref. 6885).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Amaoka, Kunio | Collaborators

Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 336 p. (Ref. 2850)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Gamefish: yes; aquarium: public aquariums
FAO(fisheries: production; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Public aquariums | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00439 - 0.01810), b=3.09 (2.92 - 3.26), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.1   ±0.67 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=2).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .