Proterorhinus marmoratus  (Pallas, 1814)

Tubenose goby
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Proterorhinus marmoratus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Proterorhinus marmoratus (Tubenose goby)
Proterorhinus marmoratus
Picture by Pekarik, L.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Gobiidae (Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Proterorhinus: Greek, proteros = former + Greek, rhinos = nose (Ref. 45335).

Issue
Name should be changed to Proterorhinus semilunaris Heckel 1837 according to: Stepien C.A. & M.A. Tumeo, 2006: Invasion Genetics of Ponto-Caspian Gobies in the Great Lakes: A ‘Cryptic’ Species, Absence of Founder Effects, and Comparative Risk Analy

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; freshwater; brackish; demersal; pH range: 7.0 - 7.5; dH range: 10 - ?; amphidromous (Ref. 46888).   Temperate; 4°C - 18°C (Ref. 2060); 60°N - 36°N, 17°E - 54°E

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2058)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 7 - 8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 14-18; Anal spines: 1; Anal soft rays: 12 - 15. Seven transverse suborbital rows, complete oculoscapular and preopercular lateral-line canals, scaled nape and as a distinctive autapomorphy, an elongate anterior nostril, which extends over the upper lip. Broad dark oblique banding across the body.

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eurasia: rivers and estuaries of Black Sea, Sea of Azov and Caspian Sea, including tributaries. In the Mediterranean, occurs only in the Evros and Strymon systems, which empty in the northern Aegean Sea.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Pure inhabitant of brackish waters (Ref. 92840). Occur in rivers and estuaries (Ref. 4696). Based on morphological and molecular data, this species does not enter pure freshwater and inhabits brackish waters in Sevastopol, Crimea (Ref. 59043).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Miller, P.J., 1990. The endurance of endemism: the Mediterranean freshwater gobies and their prospects for survival. J. Fish Biol. 37(Suppl. A):145-156. (Ref. 12215)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01023 (0.00637 - 0.01644), b=3.08 (2.94 - 3.22), based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.5 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Assuming tm<=1).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.