Potamalosa richmondia  (Macleay, 1879)

Australian freshwater herring
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Potamalosa richmondia
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Clupeidae (Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Clupeinae
Etymology: Potamalosa: Greek, potamos = river + Latin, alausa = a fish cited by Ausonius and Latin, halec = pickle, dealing with the Greek word hals = salt; it is also the old Saxon name for shad = "alli" ; 1591 (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; freshwater; brackish; pelagic-neritic; catadromous (Ref. 51243).   Temperate; 32°S - 39°S, 139°E - 151°E (Ref. 188)

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 32.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 44894); common length : 15.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 44894); max. reported age: 11 years (Ref. 6996)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-18; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 16 - 27. Body fairly elongate, belly keeled, with 16 to 18 + 14 or 15 scutes; about 14 dorsal scutes with low keel from head to dorsal fin origin. Minute or no teeth in jaws; second supra-maxilla slender. Branchiostegal rays 8. Anal fin origin far behind dorsal fin base. Juveniles resemble Hyperlophus, which has a deeper second supra-maxilla, only 4 branchiostegal rays and i 6 pelvic fin rays.

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Oceania: Endemic to southeastern Australia.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

It occurs in clear, moderately fast-flowing streams, as well as in quiet backwaters, estuaries, and in the sea ( Ref. 5259, 44894). Also found in sluggish lowland rivers (Ref. 44894). A schooling species and appears diadromous. A fast swimming, shoal-forming species. Nothing much is known of its biology, although it may have a catadromous life cycle. Downstream migration to estuaries, presumably for spawning, has been reported in winter months (July-August). Feeds on worms, small crustaceans and insects (Ref. 44894). Breeds in estuaries in July to August. Taken in nets during the spawning season; will also take bait.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeioidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
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Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00562 (0.00352 - 0.00899), b=3.21 (3.07 - 3.35), based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.43 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.13; tmax=11).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (56 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Low.