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Pogonichthys macrolepidotus  (Ayres, 1854)

Splittail
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Image of Pogonichthys macrolepidotus (Splittail)
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Pogonichthys: Greek, pogon = beard + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic.   Temperate; 39°N - 36°N

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 44.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); common length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 5 years (Ref. 72485)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-10. Body long, slender and compressed; dorsal-fin origin in front of pelvic-fin origin; upper lobe of caudal fin longer than lower lobe; barbel at corner of slightly subterminal mouth; scales on lateral line 57-64, usually 60-62; dorsal fin with 9-10 rays; 1st gill arch with 14-18 rakers; pharyngeal teeth 2,5-5,2; olive-gray above, silver gold side; large specimen with hump on nape; and red-orange caudal and paired fins (Ref. 86798).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North America: formerly throughout the Sacramento-San Joaquin River drainage in California, USA; now mostly in San Francisco Bay Delta and lower Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits lakes and backwaters and pools of rivers. Tolerant of brackish water (Ref. 5723, 86798).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
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Ecology
Diet
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Common names
Synonyms
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Predators
Ecotoxicology
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Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
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Ciguatera
Speed
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Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00776 (0.00349 - 0.01726), b=3.11 (2.91 - 3.31), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.2 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (48 of 100) .