Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Pogonichthys: Greek, pogon = beard + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic. Temperate; 39°N - 36°N
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 44.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); common length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 5 years (Ref. 72485)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 9-10. Body long, slender and compressed; dorsal-fin origin in front of pelvic-fin origin; upper lobe of caudal fin longer than lower lobe; barbel at corner of slightly subterminal mouth; scales on lateral line 57-64, usually 60-62; dorsal fin with 9-10 rays; 1st gill arch with 14-18 rakers; pharyngeal teeth 2,5-5,2; olive-gray above, silver gold side; large specimen with hump on nape; and red-orange caudal and paired fins (Ref. 86798).
North America: formerly throughout the Sacramento-San Joaquin River drainage in California, USA; now mostly in San Francisco Bay Delta and lower Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers.
Inhabits lakes and backwaters and pools of rivers. Tolerant of brackish water (Ref. 5723, 86798).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00776 (0.00349 - 0.01726), b=3.11 (2.91 - 3.31), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.2 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (48 of 100) .