Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes
(Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Hexagrammidae
(Greenlings) > Pleurogramminae
Etymology: Pleurogrammus: Greek, pleura = side, ribe + Greek, gramma = letter, signal (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; depth range 0 - 575 m (Ref. 50610). Temperate; 66°N - 32°N
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 32.5  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 56.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56527); max. published weight: 2.0 kg (Ref. 56344); max. reported age: 15 years (Ref. 55701)
Northeast Pacific: Yellow Sea Cape Navarin in the Bering Sea and from Stalemate Bank and Bowers Bank in the Aleutian Chain to Icy Bay, Alaska, and rarely to Redondo Beach, California, USA.
Adults are found from the lower intertidal zone to 575 m depth (Ref. 6793).
Spawns twice a year (Ref. 28499). Eggs are deposited in rock crevices and are guarded by the male who continuously fans the egg mass with his pectoral fin until hatching (Ref. 28499), which occurs after 40-45 days (Ref. 27369).
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7502 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01072 (0.00429 - 0.02678), b=3.04 (2.82 - 3.26), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.28; tm=3.6; tmax=15).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .