Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Haemulidae
(Grunts) > Plectorhinchinae
Etymology: Plectorhinchus: Greek, plektos = plaited + Greek, rhyngchos = snout (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 50 m (Ref. 9710). Tropical; 30°N - 7°S
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48635)
Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and Madagascar to Fiji and Micronesia; north to Ryukyu andn south to the Great Barrier Reef and New Caledonia.
Found in clear lagoon and seaward reefs. Juveniles in brackish habitats or shallow turbid coastal areas (Ref. 9710). Adults usually solitary, occasionally in pairs; on deep reefs or with sea mounts (Ref. 48635). At Palau, aggregates to spawn about once a year around new moon of April or May (Ref. 37816).
Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01288 (0.00629 - 0.02640), b=3.00 (2.81 - 3.19), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.66 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (67 of 100) .