Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Sciaenidae
(Drums or croakers)
Etymology: Plagioscion: Greek, plagios = oblique + Greek, skiaina, skion = barbel, red mullet (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 51243). Tropical; 22°C - 27°C (Ref. 12468)
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 21.8  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 80.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36888); max. published weight: 4.5 kg (Ref. 40637)
South America: Amazon, Orinoco, Paraná, Paraguay, and São Francisco River basins and rivers fo Guianas.
Occupies very diverse biotopes and carries out its biological cycle in freshwater as well as in brackish water (Ref. 27188). Juveniles feed on larvae of crustaceans (especially Macrobrachium), aquatic insects and copepods. Adults prey on fish. Captured during the rainy season (Ref. 35237).
Casatti, L., 2003. Sciaenidae (Drums or croakers). p. 599-602. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: commercial; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (-0.02259 - 0.04041), b=3.08 (3.06 - 3.10), based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.4 ±0.8 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.11-0.22; tm=1-1.5).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (68 of 100) .