Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Serrasalmidae
Etymology: Piaractus: Greek, piar = fat, the side with grease of a body + Greek, aktos , ago = to carry.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal; potamodromous (Ref. 51243). Subtropical; 15°S - 38°S, 66°W - 42°W
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 39031); max. published weight: 20.0 kg (Ref. 32894)
Dark grey to silver dorsally and laterally and white ventrally with a yellow breast.
South America: Paraguay-Paraná River basin.
Invades the flooded forests to feed on nuts and seeds which fall from trees (Ref. 32894). Reaches around 50.0 cm SL (Ref. 81048).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Assuming standard characid reproduction. Replace ASAP.
Lovshin, L.L., 1995. The colossomids. p. 153-159. In C.E. Nash and A.J. Novotny (eds.) World animal science: production of aquatic animals: fishes. Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. (Ref. 32894)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .