Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Osmeriformes
(Smelts) > Alepocephalidae
Etymology: Photostylus: Greek, photos = light + Greek, stylos = column (Ref. 45335). More on author: Beebe.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 1000 - 2000 m (Ref. 4460). Deep-water; 65°N - 35°S, 180°W - 180°E (Ref. 57326)
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4460)
Circumglobal. Eastern Atlantic: Iceland, and from France south to Morocco including Madeira and Azores Islands; Mauritania south to Guinea Bissau (Ref. 4460). Reported from Western Australia and New South Wales (Ref. 7300).
Meso- and bathypelagic (Ref. 58302). Found in areas with steeply inclined slopes. Ovarian eggs relatively large (1.8 mm in diameter) and few (96 in a female of 10 cm).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Markle, D.F. and J.-C. Quéro, 1984. Alepocephalidae (including Bathylaconidae, Bathyprionidae). p. 228-253. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4736)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec=96).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .