Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Heptapteridae
Etymology: Phenacorhamdia: Greek, phenax, -akos = deceptive + Brazilian vernacular name, Nhamdia/Jamdia (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
South America: Orinoco River basin, Venezuela.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36914)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 12 - 15;
Vertebrae: 41 - 43. This species differs from its congeners by the following set of characteristics: maxillary barbel reaching three fourths along pectoral fin; outer mental barbel not reaching pectoral-fin base; gill rakers on first branchial arch 5-7; vertebrae 41-43; pleural ribs 9; pectoral fin with modally seven branched rays; first basal radial of dorsal fin inserted posterior to vertebrae 11-12; anal fin with 12-15 rays (7-9 branched); caudal-fin lobes pointed; upper caudal-fin lobe with 7 branched rays; lower caudal-fin lobe markedly longer than upper caudal-fin lobe (29.8-33.5% of SL, 1.5 times in HL); pigmentation of the body uniform; cleithral width, 13.6-14.5% of SL; anal-fin base, 12.1-14.8% of SL; caudal peduncle depth, 5.7-6.9% of SL; head length, 20.1-22.2% of SL, 4.5-4.9 times in SL (Ref. 78618).
Inhabits rivers (Ref. 6868).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Bockmann, F.A. and G.M. Guazzelli, 2003. Heptapteridae (Heptapterids). p. 406-431. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 36914)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00741 (0.00330 - 0.01663), b=3.00 (2.82 - 3.18), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .