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Petroleuciscus borysthenicus  (Kessler, 1859)

Dnieper chub
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Petroleuciscus borysthenicus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Petroleuciscus: Named for Petru B?n?rescu, a famous freshwater ichthyologist and Petr Naseka, son of the genus author, and Leuciscus, a related genus..

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic.   Temperate; 56°N - 39°N, 26°E - 47°E

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 556); common length : 18.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 556); max. reported age: 8 years (Ref. 59043)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 3 - 4; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-10; Anal spines: 3-4; Anal soft rays: 9 - 12; Vertebrae: 36 - 38. Differs from Petroleuciscus smyrnaeus by having the following characters: dorsal fin with 8-9½ branched rays; ; anal fin with 9-10½ branched rays; iris orange to red; lateral line with 33-40 scales; posterior margin of anal convex or almost straight; without back pigments along free margin of each flank scale (Ref. 59043).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eurasia: Western, northern and eastern Black Sea and Sea of Azov basins, from Bulgaria clock-wise to Kizilirmak drainage in northern-central Turkey (missing in Don); Aegean Sea basin, from Strma drainage eastward in Europe; northwestern Turkey. In lower reaches of rivers and coastal lakes, but in Dniepr up to Seim and Desna systems.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit lowland rivers, lower reaches of montane rivers, limans, lakes, deltas, backwaters with moderate to no current. They prefer to stay in warm water with temperatures up to 30-32° C, on sand, sand-mud or mud bottom, and in shallow places with slow current along banks, in backwaters, in small lakes and similar calm-water sites. Can tolerate slightly brackish water and low oxygen concentrations. Feed predominantly on insects and their larvae, but also takes plankton, benthic invertebrates and algae. Form spawning groups of up to 150 individuals. They do not undertake migration but move to deeper places in winter. Sharp decline of some populations is due to drainage of flood-plains and channelization of river beds (Ref. 59043).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Form spawning groups of up to 150 individuals (Ref. 59043). Asynchronous spawning, occurs two or three times in the season from the beginning of May to June (Ref. 74544). A hermaphrodite specimen was found, having a pair of testes and an ovary, the eggs being degenerated (Ref. 74544).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol, Switzerland. 646 p. (Ref. 59043)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00776 (0.00515 - 0.01170), b=3.10 (2.98 - 3.22), based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.35 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=2-3; Fec = 5,890).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.