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Petrocephalus balayi  Sauvage, 1883

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Petrocephalus balayi
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Osteoglossiformes (Bony tongues) > Mormyridae (Elephantfishes)
Etymology: Petrocephalus: Latin, petra = stone + Greek, kephale = head (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Sauvage.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: Ogowe River in Gabon (Ref. 3203, 85311) and the Congo River basin in Cameroon (Ref. 46901), Republic of Congo (Ref. 85311) and Democratic Republic of the Congo (Ref. 1879, 4910, 41580, 41590, 44985, 45434, 45441, 93897, 106245).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 42522)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Petrocephalus balayi is distinguished from all other Petrocephalus species in Central Africa by the following combination of characteristics: dorsal fin with 20-22 branched rays, anal fin with 26 or 27 branched rays, eye small (HL/ED=4,5-4,9), mouth very wide, associated with a very characteristic head shape when viewed from below, 14 teeth or more in the upper jaw, 28 teeth or more in the lower jaw (Ref. 85331). Melanin pattern consisting of the following: (1) a distinct black round mark on each side of the body below dorsal fin origin; (2) an ovoid mark on each side at the base of the caudal peduncle, not extending onto the upper and lower parts of the caudal fin; (3) a black mark, sometimes diffuse but always present, at the base of the pectoral fins (Ref. 85331).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Gosse, J.-P., 1984. Mormyridae. p. 63-122. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ORSTOM, Paris and MRAC, Tervuren. Vol. 1. (Ref. 3203)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

More information

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01660 (0.00727 - 0.03790), b=2.83 (2.65 - 3.01), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .