Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Percidae
(Perches) > Etheostomatinae
Etymology: Percina: Latin, diminutive of perch = perch (Ref. 45335); vigil: vigil meaning wide awake (Ref. 10294).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate; 39°N - 31°N
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.8 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); common length : 4.8 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 2 years (Ref. 12193)
North America: Mississippi River basin from southwestern Indiana and southeastern Missouri to Louisiana in the USA; Gulf Slope from Escambia River drainage in Alabama and Florida to Mississippi River in Louisiana. The name Percina vigil replaces Percina ouachitae.
Inhabits sand and gravel runs of creeks and small to medium rivers, sometimes in very shallow water (Ref. 3814, 10294). Feeds on pleurocerid (Leptoxis) river snails, hydropsychid caddisfly larvae, midge larvae, and small mayfly nymphs, such as baetids (Ref. 10294).
Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott, 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Pub. (20):183 p.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), based on all LWR estimates for this BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tmax=2).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .