Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Percidae
(Perches) > Etheostomatinae
Etymology: Percina: Latin, diminutive of perch = perch (Ref. 45335); sciera: sciera meaning dusky (Ref. 10294).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.8 - 7.8; dH range: 8 - 18. Temperate; 10°C - 24°C (Ref. 12468); 41°N - 29°N
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 5 - ? cm
Max length : 13.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); common length : 7.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 4 years (Ref. 12193)
North America: Mississippi River basin from Ohio and West Virginia to eastern Illinois and south to Louisiana in the USA; Gulf drainages from Black Warrior River in Alabama to Guadalupe River in Texas, USA.
Inhabit fast gravel runs, sometimes riffles, of creeks and small to medium rivers. Often found near brush (Ref. 5723, 10294). Young are found in shallower gravel riffles (Ref. 7043). Juveniles feed on midge and blackfly larvae; adults consume caddisfly and mayfly larvae (Ref. 10294). Males are larger and darker in color during breeding (Ref. 69400).
While in captivity, males exhibit tail-beating while infront of a large female aside from color changes as prespawning behavior (Ref. 69400). 'The generalized condition of a midventral row of specialized scales suggests that the male mounts the female and aligns his body with hers during fertilization and deposition of the eggs' (Ref. 69400).
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00457 - 0.02754), b=3.06 (2.85 - 3.27), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.40 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tmax=4; tm=1; Fec=80-196).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .