Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Nemipteridae
(Threadfin breams, Whiptail breams)
Etymology: Pentapodus: Greek, pente = five + Greek, pous = feet (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range ? - 15 m (Ref. 9785). Tropical; 21°N - 16°S, 102°E - 166°E (Ref. 3810)
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710); common length : 15.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3810)
soft rays: 7. Some geographical variations. In Sulawesi shows yellow band intermittently because of other similar species in the same area (Ref. 48635). Head scales reaching forward to or just in front of level of anterior margin of eyes. Suborbital naked except for a small patch of scales beneath eyes. Lower limb of preopercle with 2 or 3 scale rows. Pelvic fins moderately long, reaching almost to level of anus. Axillary scale present. Color: Upper body dark grey or olive-brown, silvery white below. Presence of a narrow silvery white stripe joining eyes across snout just behind nostrils. Base of pectoral fin with a black bar.
Western Pacific: Solomon Islands, New Guinea, western Caroline Islands (Palau, Yap), Philippines, East Malaysia, Indonesia and Singapore. This species has previously been misidentified as Pentapodus caninus by most authors.
Clear coastal to outer reef crests (Ref. 48635). Common in shallow sandy rubble and coral reef areas. Usually in aggregations. Feeds on small fishes, crustaceans and polychaetes during the day (Ref. 9710).
Russell, B.C., 1990. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 12. Nemipterid fishes of the world. (Threadfin breams, whiptail breams, monocle breams, dwarf monocle breams, and coral breams). Family Nemipteridae. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of nemipterid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(12):149p. Rome: FAO.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01213 (-0.15077 - 0.17504), b=2.99 (2.90 - 3.08), based on LWR estimates for this family-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.53 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .