Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Plotosidae
Etymology: Paraplotosus: Greek, para = in the side of + Greek, plotos = swimming (Ref. 45335); butleri: Named in honor of W. 'Harry' Butler, who assisted in with the collection of many of the paratypes (Ref. 31103).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 5 m (Ref. 31103). Tropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 32.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 31103)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 87 - 102. Differs from Paraplotosus albilabris and P. muelleri in having a tall, sail-like first dorsal fin and extremely long nasal barbels, which extend posteriorly to the basal third of the pectoral fin or beyond (Ref. 31103). Small juveniles have a unique coloration consisting of a black head and body with a broad white to yellow margin on the first dorsal fin and continuous dorsal-caudal-anal fin (Ref. 31103). Adults entirely black (Ref. 31103).
Indo-West Pacific: northern Australia.
Restricted to coastal reefs (Ref. 31103). Secretive, found in reef holes or under large rocks (Ref. 31103). Presumably nocturnal (Ref. 31103). Feeds on gastropod mollusks and crustaceans (Ref. 31103).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Allen, G.R., 1998. A review of the marine catfish genus Paraplotosus (Plotosidae) with the description of a new species from north-western Australia. Raf. Bull. Zool. 46(1):123-134. (Ref. 31103)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00427 (0.00174 - 0.01047), b=3.07 (2.85 - 3.29), based on LWR estimates for this Family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.54 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .